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INOVIO Reports First Quarter 2023 Financial Results and Operational Highlights

May 10, 2023
  • Announced additional positive data from Phase 1/2 trial for INO-3107 in recurrent respiratory papillomatosis patients
    • Second cohort of trial showed 10 of the 11 (91%) patients saw a reduction in surgical interventions in the year following initial treatment
    • New combined safety and immunological data showing tolerability and durable immune response presented at ABEA/COSM
  • Announced positive data from Phase 1b trial with INO-4201 as an Ebola booster for ERVEBO®
    • INO-4201 was well-tolerated and boosted humoral responses in 36 of 36 (100%) treated participants
    • New safety and immunological data indicating potential to extend protection against Ebola presented at ECCMID
  • Announced topline results for REVEAL2, the second Phase 3 trial for VGX-3100 as a treatment for cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions
    • Analysis of clinical characteristics of biomarker population is ongoing; findings to be shared in third quarter 2023
    • Trial results achieved statistical significance in all-participants population
    • Trial results did not meet primary endpoint in biomarker-selected population
  • Enhanced product development team with appointment of Dr. Cheryl Elder as Senior Vice President, Regulatory Affairs
  • Ended the first quarter 2023 with $223.8 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments
  • Company maintains cash runway projection into first quarter 2025
  • Management will host conference call today at 4:30 p.m. EDT

PLYMOUTH MEETING, Pa., May 10, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- INOVIO (NASDAQ:INO), a biotechnology company focused on developing and commercializing DNA medicines to help treat and protect people from HPV-related diseases, cancer, and infectious diseases, today announced financial results and operational highlights for the first quarter of 2023. INOVIO's management will host its quarterly conference call and webcast today at 4:30 p.m. EDT. The live webcast and replay may be accessed by visiting INOVIO's website at

"In the first quarter of 2023 we made solid progress with several key pipeline candidates, including important headway in our development plans for INO-3107, our DNA medicine candidate for the treatment of RRP," said INOVIO's President and Chief Executive Officer, Dr. Jacqueline Shea. "From our ongoing discussions, we believe we are in alignment with the FDA on several critical design elements for our planned Phase 3 program for INO-3107, as we continue to work through a number of their questions. Additionally, we were also encouraged to receive a positive opinion from the European Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products on our application for orphan drug designation for INO-3107. The final determination is now with the European Commission, which will decide on our application this month. We believe the committee's opinion is another step in the right direction for the development of this candidate on a global basis."

Dr. Shea continued: "Since our last quarterly report, INOVIO has presented at several scientific and medical conferences, including presentations by lead investigators from our RRP and Ebola booster studies sharing important new immunological and safety data that shows the immense potential and versatility of our candidates. At the same time, we continued our focus on operational excellence, taking steps to build upon the strong team we have in place by the hiring of Dr. Cheryl Elder as Senior Vice President of Regulatory Affairs. Cheryl's considerable regulatory expertise and track record of successfully bringing products through licensure will help us implement efficient regulatory strategies as we work to advance our promising candidates through development and the regulatory approval process."

Organizational and Clinical Highlights  

INO-3107 – Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP)

  • During the quarter, INOVIO announced data from the second cohort of its Phase 1/2 clinical trial (NCT:04398433) that was statistically significant and showed 10 of the 11 (91%) patients saw a reduction in surgical interventions in the year following initial treatment, with measurement beginning at Day 0, the start of trial therapy. Of these 10 patients, four did not require surgery. There was a statistically significant median decrease of three surgical interventions when comparing the year following treatment to the year prior. In the year prior to treatment, the number of surgical interventions for these 11 patients ranged between 2 and 8, and the median was 5. INO-3107 was well-tolerated and immunogenic among patients in the second cohort. The safety and efficacy results for the second cohort were consistent with results announced for the first cohort in October 2022.

  • Following quarter end, data from the entire study, including new combined safety and immunology data not previously announced, were presented by lead investigator Dr. Ted Mau at the scientific program of the American Broncho-Esophagological Association (ABEA) at the Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meetings (COSM) in Boston, Massachusetts. The presentation highlighted the safety profile of INO-3107, which continued to be well-tolerated and elicited mostly low-grade (Grade 1) treatment-emergent adverse effects (TEAEs) such as injection site pain and fatigue. There were no high-grade TEAEs deemed related to treatment and no TEAEs leading to treatment discontinuation. The new data also showed that INO-3107 provoked a strong immune response, inducing activated CD4 T cells and activated CD8 T cells with lytic potential. T-cell responses were also observed at Week 52, indicating a persistent cellular memory response. Additional analyses are ongoing to determine a possible relationship between specific CD4 and CD8 phenotypes and clinical outcomes. The new data also included a marked improvement after treatment in the RRP staging assessment score. We believe these encouraging data indicate that INO-3107 could provide clinical benefit to adults with RRP.

  • Following quarter end, INOVIO announced that the European Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products issued a positive opinion on INOVIO's application for orphan drug designation for INO-3107, with the final decision from the European Commission expected in late May.

INO-4201 – Ebola Booster for ERVEBO

  • During the quarter, INOVIO announced positive results from a Phase 1b trial with INO-4201 as a potential Ebola booster for ERVEBO (NCT04906629) showing INO-4201 was well-tolerated and boosted humoral responses in 36 of 36 (100%) of treated participants.

  • Following quarter end, lead investigator Dr. Angela Huttner presented new safety and immunology data from the trial at the 33rd European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in April. The new data showed that a single-dose of INO-4201 followed by electroporation was well-tolerated and immunogenic compared to placebo in a cohort of healthy volunteers primed with ERVEBO up to 5 to 7 years previously. Binding antibody titers rose significantly after boost for each time point measured, peaking at week 2 in all treated participants. Mean neutralizing antibody titers also rose and remained high and constant until the end of the 24-week trial period. There was also a noteworthy engagement of T cells, including increased production of IFNγ, IL2, and/or TNFα from EBOV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. The additional data indicated that a booster dose of INO-4201 has the potential to restore the levels of antibodies needed to extend protection against Ebola and thus could be an important tool in future Ebola outbreaks.

VGX-3100 – High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions (HSIL)

  • During the quarter, INOVIO shared topline results from REVEAL2, the second Phase 3 trial for VGX-3100 as a treatment for cervical HSIL indicating that the trial results did not meet the primary endpoint in the biomarker-selected population, but the trial did achieve statistical significance in the all-participants population.

  • INOVIO has continued to analyze the clinical characteristics of the biomarker positive population that may have had an impact on response to treatment, such as stage of disease, infection with other HPV types, clinical site location, age, and smoking status. Additionally, INOVIO is working to better understand why some patients who exhibited a clinical response were not positive for the biomarker. INOVIO expects to share findings from its ongoing biomarker analysis in the third quarter.

  • In the all-participants population of REVEAL2, VGX-3100 showed an ability to clear HPV infection, with viral clearance of 37.3% in the treated group versus 8.7% in the placebo group. INOVIO continues to evaluate how this data further informs its extensive body of evidence regarding the potential of DNA medicines to treat HPV-related diseases, including anal HSIL, which can be a precursor to anal cancer. INOVIO continues to discuss next steps for developing VGX-3100 for anal HSIL with key opinion leaders and regulators.

  • Discussions with partner ApolloBio to support continued development of VGX-3100 in China are underway.

Strengthened Product Development Team

  • Dr. Cheryl Elder joined INOVIO as Senior Vice President of Regulatory Affairs, adding additional leadership and expertise to an already strong product development team. With over 30 years of experience leading cross-functional teams in drug development in multiple therapeutic areas, Dr. Elder has a successful track record of driving regulatory strategies within both small and multinational biotechnology companies, including Hoffman La Roche and, most recently, Novartis Pharmaceuticals. She will be responsible for developing INOVIO's regulatory strategy and will lead company interaction with regulatory authorities globally.

Data Presentations & Publications

During and following the quarter, INOVIO presented, published, or submitted data from several of its clinical programs:

  • Glioblastoma Drug Development Summit (March): Dr. Jeffrey Skolnik, INOVIO's Senior Vice President, Clinical Development, presented data on INO-5401 (glioblastoma therapeutic candidate).

  • World Vaccines Congress (April): Dr. Michael Sumner, INOVIO's Chief Medical Officer, presented data on INO-3107 (RRP product candidate) and INO-4201 (Ebola vaccine booster candidate).

  • 33rd European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (April): Dr. Angela Huttner, Infectious Disease Consultant, Geneva University Hospitals, and lead investigator for the trial, presented data on INO-4201 (Ebola vaccine booster candidate).

  • The Laryngoscope (April): Paper entitled "Interim Results of a Phase 1/2 Open-Label Study of INO-3107 for HPV-6 and/or HPV-11–Associated RRP" accepted for publication in this peer-reviewed journal focused on advances in the diagnosis and treatment of head and neck disorders.

  • American Broncho-Esophagological Association Meeting (May): Dr. Ted Mau, lead investigator and laryngologist at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, presented data on INO-3107 (RRP therapeutic candidate).

INOVIO plans to continue to submit papers and abstracts related to its research for publication and presentation as data becomes available to various journals and medical conferences. Further details will be shared upon acceptance for publication.

First Quarter 2023 Financial Results

  • INOVIO reported total revenue of $115,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2023, compared to $199,000 for the same period in 2022. Total operating expenses were $44.1 million compared to $71.9 million for the same period in 2022.

  • INOVIO's net loss for the quarter ended March 31, 2023 was $40.6 million, or $0.16 per basic and diluted share, compared to net loss of $79.1 million, or $0.36 per basic and diluted share, for the quarter ended March 31, 2022.

Operating Expenses

  • Research and development (R&D) expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2023, were $30.2 million compared to $56.0 million for the same period in 2022. The decrease in R&D expenses was primarily the result of lower drug manufacturing, clinical trial expenses and outside services related to INO-4800, and lower expensed inventory and outside services related to our CELLECTRA® 3PSP device and array automation project, among other variances.

  • General and administrative (G&A) expenses were $13.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023, compared to $16.0 million for the same period in 2022. The decrease in G&A expenses was primarily related to a decrease in non-cash stock-based compensation, insurance and other outside services expenses, offset by higher legal expenses, among other variances.

Capital Resources

  • As of March 31, 2023, cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments were $223.8 million compared to $253.0 million as of December 31, 2022. As of March 31, 2023, the Company had 262.7 million common shares outstanding and 283.2 million common shares outstanding on a fully diluted basis, after giving effect to the exercise, vesting and conversion, as applicable, of its outstanding options, restricted stock units, convertible preferred stock, and convertible debt.

  • INOVIO's balance sheet and statement of operations are provided below. Additional information is included in INOVIO's quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2023, which can be accessed at:

Cash Guidance

  • INOVIO continues to expect its cash runway to extend into the first quarter of 2025. This projection includes a cash burn estimate of approximately $33 million for the second quarter 2023 and its ongoing expectation that cash burn will decrease incrementally from there into the first quarter of 2025. These projections do not include any funds that may be raised through the Company's existing at-the-market program or other capital-raising activities.

Conference Call / Webcast Information

INOVIO's management will host its quarterly conference call and webcast at 4:30 p.m. ET today. A replay of the conference call will be available following the conclusion of the call. The live webcast and replay may be accessed by visiting INOVIO's website at


INOVIO is a biotechnology company focused on developing and commercializing DNA medicines to help treat and protect people from HPV-related diseases, cancer, and infectious diseases. INOVIO's DNA medicines in development are delivered using its investigational proprietary smart device, CELLECTRA®, to produce immune responses against targeted pathogens and cancers. For more information, visit


Media: Jennie Willson (267) 429-8567
Investors: Thomas Hong (267) 440-4298

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains certain forward-looking statements relating to our business, including our plans to develop and commercialize DNA medicines and our expectations regarding our research and development programs, including the planned initiation and conduct of pre-clinical studies and clinical trials and the availability and timing of data from those studies and trials, and expectations with respect to our cash resources and expected operating expenses into the first quarter of 2025. Actual events or results may differ from the expectations set forth herein as a result of a number of factors, including uncertainties inherent in pre-clinical studies, clinical trials, product development programs and commercialization activities and outcomes, the availability of funding to support continuing research and studies in an effort to prove safety and efficacy of electroporation technology as a delivery mechanism or develop viable DNA medicines, our ability to support our pipeline of DNA medicine products, the ability of our collaborators to attain development and commercial milestones for products we license and product sales that will enable us to receive future payments and royalties, the adequacy of our capital resources, the availability or potential availability of alternative therapies or treatments for the conditions targeted by us or collaborators, including alternatives that may be more efficacious or cost effective than any therapy or treatment that we and our collaborators hope to develop, issues involving product liability, issues involving patents and whether they or licenses to them will provide us with meaningful protection from others using the covered technologies, whether such proprietary rights are enforceable or defensible or infringe or allegedly infringe on rights of others or can withstand claims of invalidity and whether we can finance or devote other significant resources that may be necessary to prosecute, protect or defend them, the level of corporate expenditures, assessments of our technology by potential corporate or other partners or collaborators, capital market conditions, the impact of government healthcare proposals and other factors set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2023, and other filings we make from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission. There can be no assurance that any product candidate in our pipeline will be successfully developed, manufactured, or commercialized, that the results of clinical trials will be supportive of regulatory approvals required to market products, or that any of the forward-looking information provided herein will be proven accurate. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this release, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise these statements, except as may be required by law.


INOVIO Pharmaceuticals, Inc.


March 31,

December 31,



Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$       28,238,152

$      46,329,359

Short-term investments



Accounts receivable



Accounts receivable from affiliated entities



Prepaid expenses and other current assets



Prepaid expenses and other current assets from affiliated entities



Total current assets



Fixed assets, net



Investment in affiliated entity



Intangible assets, net






Operating lease right-of-use assets



Other assets



Total assets

$     266,582,724

$    348,533,302


Current liabilities:

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

$       24,752,171

$      79,686,885

Accounts payable and accrued expenses due to affiliated entities



Accrued clinical trial expenses



Operating lease liability



Grant funding liability



Grant funding liability from affiliated entity



Convertible senior notes


Total current liabilities



Convertible senior notes


Operating lease liability, net of current portion



Deferred tax liabilities



Total liabilities



Stockholders' equity:

Preferred stock

Common stock



Additional paid-in capital



Accumulated deficit



Accumulated other comprehensive loss



Total Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc. stockholders' equity



Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$     266,582,724

$    348,533,302


INOVIO Pharmaceuticals, Inc.



Three Months Ended March 31,



Revenue from collaborative arrangements and other contracts



Operating expenses:

Research and development



General and administrative



Total operating expenses



Loss from operations



Other income (expense):

Interest income



Interest expense



Gain (loss) on investment in affiliated entity



Net unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale equity securities



Other expense, net



Net loss before share in net loss of Geneos



Share in net loss of Geneos


Net loss



Net loss per share

          Basic and diluted



Weighted average number of common shares outstanding

          Basic and diluted




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SOURCE INOVIO Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

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